Professional Development

1. Childhood trauma: An overview of fractured family statistics, the implications of childhood stress and effective treatment options within the South-African contex

1. Introduction
2. Fractured Families: Research statistics on orphaned, abandoned and vulnerable children
3. Implications: The effect of childhood stress on health across the lifespan
4. Treatment of childhood trauma
5. Conclusion

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2. Complex post-traumatic stress disorder: Issues with diagnosis and treatment

1. Definitions of complex trauma
2. Features of complex trauma
3. Treatment of complex trauma
4. The 6 stages of the HEALTH model
5. Differential diagnosis 6. Complex trauma and the DSM-V

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3. Conservation of Resources Theory (COR) in stress and trauma

1. COR theory overview
2. Application of COR theory
3. Devolving trauma intervention
4. Five elements of trauma intervention
5. COR theory limitations
6. Conclusion

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4. Continuous Traumatic Stress (CTS)

1. Definition and clinical picture of CTSnment
History
CTS and the link to PTSD
Defining CTS
Clinical picture of CTS
2. Intervention versus treatment: trauma recovery and fostering resilience
Summary of interventions
Resilience and trauma recovery
3. References

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5. Crime victimisation: A summary of papers from the Journal of Traumatic Stress

1. Introduction to special section: Advancing mental health services and research for victims of crime
2. The impact of criminal justice involvement on victims mental health
3. The impact of crime victimisation on quality of life
4. Help seeking among victims of crime: a review of the empirical literature
5. Screening and assessment of crime victimisation and its effects

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6. Diagnostic Issue with survivors of trauma, an introduction

1. PTSD
Type of traumatic event
Symptom clusters
Duration and impact
2. Acute stress disorder
3. Common comorbid disorders in PTSD
Mood disorders
Substance abuse disorders
Anxiety disorders
4. The effects of prolonged trauma
Self-experience
Emotion regulation
5. Relationship patterns 5.Postraumatic symptoms in children

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7. Disorders specifically associated with stress in the ICD-11
1. Introduction
2. Differences between the ICD and DSM classification systems
3. Stress-disorder in the ICD-11
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Comparison with the DSM-5
Complex PTSD (CPTSD)
Adjustment disorder (AD)
-The tightening of AD symtom specifications
-The omission of AD subgroups
Acute stress reaction (ASR)
-Acute stress disorder in DSM
-The transition: Acute stress reaction as a non-disordered response
Prolonged grief disorder (PGD)
-Evidence supporting the PGD diagnosis
-Prolonged grief in DSM-V
4. Conclusion
5. References

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8. Ethical considerations for onsite trauma management

1. The origins of ethics
2. Sources of ethics
3. Ethical responsibilities of the counsellor
4. Five moral principles reflected in the ethics codes of
major professional bodies
5. The nature of the client in onsite trauma support
6. The requirement of informed consent
7. Confidentiality and the management of information

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9. Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)

1. Introduction
2. Research studies on EMDR
3. Issues of debate surrounding EMDR
4. Conclusion
5. References

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10. From debriefing to trauma support: A South African model for early trauma intervention

1. The debriefing controversy
Basic assumptions regarding debriefing
Research and disillusionment
Debriefing in South Africa
Lessons from the debriefing controversy
2. The watchful waiting response and its limitations
3. International broad spectrum multi-component models
Psychological first aid
Critical incident stress management
Posttraumatic stress management
General guidelines
4. TraumaClinic trauma support
Research base
Basic assumptions and guidelines
Three phases
Cognitive-behavioural techniques:
– normalising through reframing
-re-empowerment through activation
5. Assessment of risk factors
6. Trauma preparedness training

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11. Rape trauma, special issues

1. Introduction to rape trauma
2. Definitions and context of rape
3. History of rape research
4. Specific reactions after rape
5. Treatment of rape trauma
6. Conclusion

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12. Resilience in adults: Current definitions & research findings

1. Author: Astier, M. Almedon
Definition
Operationalisation
Research Findings
Strengths and Weaknesses
2. Author: George Bonanno
Definition
Operationalisation
Research findings
3. Stevan Hobfall
Resources
Loss
Resource Replacements
Appraisal of resources
The expectation of a net gain of resources
Trajectories of resilience
4. Operationalisation
5. Research Findings
6. Strengths and Weaknesses

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13. Trauma related disorders; An African idiom

1. Posttraumatic stress disorder
Differences in how people perceive & express distress
Diagnostic instruments
Epidemiology & treatment
2. Anxiety and Panic disorder
The ‘work of culture’
A biocultural interactional concept for panic disorders
3. Somatoform disorders
Somatising
Somatisation disorder
– Somatising as an indication for he presence of a disorder or of specific psychopathology
– Somatising as symbolic expression of an itra-psychological conflict
– Somatising as an idiomatic expression of distress or unwellness
– Somatising as a metaphor for a sensation of perception
– Somatising as a social standpoint or as a form of social protest
or displeasure
– Managing the different interpretations around somatising
– Epidemiology of somatisation disorder
4. Implications for DSM-V and DSM-VI

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14. Traumascape; trauma and culture

An ecological-cultural-historical model for extreme stress

1.1. Ecology and history
The traumatic stressor, protective and vulnerability factors, coping, social support & expression of distress & disability
Culture: Collective
Nosology & diagnostic categories
Epidemiology
Interventions
Political & religious conviction
1.2. Ecology and history
Collective
Risk factors for collective violence

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15. Treating PTSD in SA: An integrative model grounded in case-based research

1. Introduction: Confusion of tongues in the naming of therapies for PTSD
2. Psychotherapy traditions: Conflicts and confluences
3. Evidence based practices: Beyond ideological allegiances
4. Competence and meta competences
5. Therapist responsiveness
6. Case formulation
7. Timing and stage therapy
8. A series of systematic case studies of the treatment of PTSD
9. A model for evidence based responsive treatment planning for PTSD
10. Discussion and conclusion

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16. Update on early intervention following trauma

1.Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
2.The seven steps of CISD
3.Watchful waiting
4.Recommended guidelines for early intervention
5.Psychological first aid
6.Early cognitive-behavioural therapy
7.Trauma Support: Optimising the trauma recovery environment

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17. Update on the treatment of trauma-related disorders

1. Early intervention – cognitive-behavioural therapy
Exposure therapies
Anxiety management
Cognitive therapy
2. Treatment for chronic PTSD, adults
Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing
Psychodynamic therapy
Hypnosis
Stress inoculation training
Acceptance and commitment therapy
Creative therapies
Internet therapy
Pharmacotherapy

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South African and International Internships details here

We cannot change anything unless we accept it first. Carl Jung

TraumaClinic Counselling Cape Town, South Africa, 1 Hiddingh Avenue, Gardens 8001

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